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Amazon Rainforest - Lung Of The World

The Amazon rainforest is the largest tropical forest with the greatest biodiversity on the planet. It is known as the "lung of the world" and is an invaluable ecological reserve that belongs to several South American countries.

It is estimated that the Amazon area covers 6,400,000 square kilometers or the equivalent of 40% of the South American territory. It spans nine countries: Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Peru, Guyana, French Guiana and Suriname, which allows you to have various options to make a trip to the Amazon.

Although over 60% of the Amazon is located in Brazil, the other main gateways are found in Peru and Ecuador. These gateway cities have the most options for booking excursions, cruises and lodges, so here’s an overview of what each one has to offer.

From Peru

The Amazon rainforest stretches across 2.1 million m² (5.5 million km²) and about 13% of that area is in Peru.

Peru contains the second highest amount of Amazon Rainforest after Brazil. And the Peruvian rainforest is one of the best regions to visit. There are two main gateways for the Peruvian Amazon. These are Iquitos as a port of the Amazon River in Peru’s north and Puerto Maldonado in the south. Puerto Maldonado provides access to the incredible Tambopata National Reserve and Manú National Park. Therefore, it is usually an ideal destination for wildlife observation and hiking through beautiful natural landscapes.

The heart of the Amazon: Iquitos

Iquitos, one of the gateway to the Amazon in Peru. The Bellavista port of Iquitos is located at the confluence of the Amazon and Nanay rivers. It is from there that the tour operators of Iquitos and tours of the Amazon jungle take tourists to begin their journeys on boats to different destinations.

In Iquitos there are river route options of various kinds, with different duration, prices and services. Routes can be made in simple boats or luxurious cruises with all the facilities on board. You will have the opportunity to observe some of the endangered species in the Amazon, such as the pink dolphin, and allow you to learn more about the flora and fauna of the Amazon, the landscapes, its most virgin corners, the most isolated communities... and that lead to a complete cultural immersion in contact with mother nature in its purest state.

Puerto Maldonado

Undoubtedly one of the attractions of Puerto Maldonado is the Tambopata Nature Reserve, declared a protected area, south of the Madre de Dios River, noted for its humid tropical climate, it has an immense variety of fauna and flora and activities for all tastes.

Tambopata National Reserve is home to a variety of lodges – some within the reserve itself, and others just on the outskirts. Generally speaking, the deeper into the Amazon you go, the better chances to see wildlife.

Time to visit

The first thing that’s important is to plan your trip well in advance. The Amazon rainforest is exceptionally large and things are changing constantly. The recommended time to visit is in the low-water season, which is from July, through December.

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